The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has released the In Focus series of fact sheets, which highlight major agency programs and initiatives. The series provides information on OJJDP resources, including funding, training, technical assistance, and research activities on topics, such as disproportionate minority contact, the Community Prevention Grants Program, and the Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Program. To obtain the complete reports, access the National Criminal Justice Reference Service’s website at http://www.ncjrs.gov.
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program (NCJ 226357) provides an overview of OJJDP’s Juvenile Accountability Block Grants (JABG) program, which helps states and communities develop and implement programs that hold youth accountable for delinquent behavior through the imposition of graduated sanctions that are consistent with the severity of the offense. JABG also supports programs that strengthen the juvenile justice system’s capacity to process cases efficiently and work with community partners to keep youth from reoffending. The publication includes information about authorizing legislation, eligibility, the award process, and performance measures.
Community Prevention Grants Program (NCJ 227345) offers an overview of OJJDP’s Community Prevention Grants program, which funds collaborative, community-based delinquency prevention efforts. The program integrates six fundamental principles: comprehensive and multidisciplinary approaches, research- and evidence-based strategies, community control and decision making, leveraging of existing resources and systems, evaluation to monitor the program’s progress and effectiveness, and a long-term perspective. The document includes information about authorizing legislation, eligibility, the award process, performance measures, and training and technical assistance.
Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Program (NCJ 227469) presents an overview of OJJDP’s Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws program, which supports and enhances efforts by states and local jurisdictions to reduce the availability of alcohol to minors. The program encourages close partnerships between law enforcement agencies and community groups involved in preventing and intervening in underage drinking. OJJDP also offers comprehensive training and technical assistance to guide states and communities in their efforts. The initiative is the only federal program devoted exclusively to preventing alcohol consumption by minors. The publication includes information about authorizing legislation, eligibility, the block grants and discretionary grants programs, training and technical assistance, and performance measures.
Formula Grants Program (NCJ 227470) provides an overview of OJJDP’s Formula Grants program, which supports efforts related to delinquency prevention and reduction, juvenile justice system improvement, research, evaluation, statistical analysis, and training and technical assistance. The document includes information about authorizing legislation, eligibility, the award process, program areas, and performance measures.
Disproportionate Minority Contact (NCJ 228306) offers an overview of OJJDP’s efforts to reduce disproportionate minority contact (DMC), which refers to the disproportionate number of minority youth groups who come into contact with the juvenile justice system. Amendments to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act in 2002 require state participants of OJJDP’s Formula Grants program to address DMC if it exists within their jurisdictions. The publication includes a description of OJJDP’s DMC Reduction Model, which helps states determine whether disproportionality exists and, if it does, guides the establishment of multipronged intervention strategies to ensure equal treatment of all youth groups. The fact sheet also includes a summary of states’ DMC reduction activities derived from compliance plans submitted in fiscal year 2008.
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